The idea of creating the gardens was conceived based on the intention of establishing a unique set of gardens, with somewhat similar themes, each one specializing in something unique.
Out of several ideas raised in the mid-1980s, four gardens were eventually created:
- The Rock Garden (The Geological Garden/the Sculptural Garden)
the three names refer to the same garden, depending on the viewpoint of the observer.
The garden was designed by the architect Gideon Sarig and within the full body of his artwork (done in other gardens in Israel), the Rock garden can be considered the crowning glory.
The starting point in making the Rock garden was bringing rocks weighing dozens of tons from all over the country: yellow sandstones were brought from Mount Hermon, which was dated to the Cretaceous period – 70 million years ago. From the south of Israel, Igneous rocks (granite, Porphyry, and basalt), Some of which were collected from other geological regions: sandstones from the Negev craters, basalt from the southeastern Galilee and the Golan Heights. Various limestone stones were brought from the upper and lower Galilee and Flint stones were brought from Jerusalem and Samaria.
It was decided that the source of rocks will be exclusively local and not from foreign sources, as rich and beautiful as they may be.
The goal was to choose an artistic placing with a sculptural aspect (which is an art itself!), Hence the nickname, Sculpture Garden, like the famous Michelangelo once said: “Every block of stone has a statue inside it and it is the task of the sculptor to discover it”
- Succulents and Cacti Garden
The name ‘Succulent’ originates from the Greek word ‘Sukos’, bearing a similar meaning.
The establishment of the Succulents and Cacti Garden began in the mid-1980s, with the process of collecting cacti or purchasing them from private collections.
During the 1990s, private succulent collections, whose owners could no longer continue to care for them, were donated to the Garden, knowing that the Succulents and Cacti Garden at Ganey Yehosha Park had become a prime collector of cacti which would adequately maintain and preserve the various collections, amongst which are the following:
The cacti garden of Netanya.
Gabi Landberger’s cacti garden from Kadima.
Yael Allingham’ collection from Binyamina.
The park covers an area of about 7.5 acres and contains 50,000 plants from around 3,800 different species.
Inside the garden, a cactus greenhouse was built to display species and unique types which require special conditions which are not always provided by the Mediterranean climate (more water, low temperatures, direct sunlight etc.).
In addition, a plot will be designated for plants from East Africa, including different species of acacia trees, Aloe-vera plants, and Lampranthus plants in different colors from South Africa.
In order to enrich the collection of Cacti and Succulents, a cultivation and nurturing greenhouse was built to nurture new plants which were brought as seeds and saplings from Kenya, Ethiopia, and Tanzania, before transferring planting in the Outer Garden.
- The Topiary Garden – the Archaeological Garden
The idea of a pruned topiary has existed for hundreds of years and was common in the 16th and 17th centuries in different places in Europe (Italy, France, Germany).
The shape of different plants is sculpted by the artist by pruning them to create special designs.
In the garden, there are myrtle shrubs which are grown and shaped as a fence separating the different flower beds which are planted with seasonal flowers or perennial plants, eastern plane-trees planted around the mosaic square, which are pruned annually and given the form of the palm of a hand and Laurels, which create a small avenue on both sides of the central path crossing the garden.
Archaeological findings were placed among the different plants around the Zodiac mosaic, as a copy of the mosaic floor of the Beit Alfa Synagogue. The archaeological findings include Greek and Corinthian scribes from temple columns, churches, and synagogues.
All archeological artifacts were donated by the Israel Antiquities Authority.
- Rose Garden
The Rose Garden is located on the northern side of the park, near the main Parking lot.
The garden was created in the years 1972-73, under the supervision of the late Moshe Ekron (former CEO of GaneyYehosha), who contributed greatly to the development of the project.
The source of the rose seedlings was the Fisher Plant Nursery in Moshav Shadmot Dvora. The garden included over 60 types of roses.
From the late 1970s to the early 1980’s, the Rose Garden spread over an area of over 6 acres. Making it one of the largest rose gardens in the country at the time. In 1979 Roses from the garden were displayed in the arts center at the heart of the park (an event named “La Boheme”).
Over the years, some of the roses began to dwindle due to underground drainage issues caused by a lack of ventilation provided by the type of soil on which the garden sits.
furthermore, the Israeli summer brought heat and humidity which caused the outbreak of diseases (fungi) which damaged the roses.
In the years 2010-11 on the western side of the rose garden, the Mekorot water company constructed an underground structure that connected the city of Tel Aviv with the National Water Carrier channel which resulted in further damage to the garden.
In 2012 the garden place was restored, and some of the roses were replaced with perennial vegetation with unique textures of colors, in order to simplify the maintenance of the garden without diminishing its beauty.